Welcome to the Claiborne County Mississippi Genealogy & History Network website providing free information to genealogical and historical researchers.
To share your Claiborne County, Mississippi genealogy or history information, send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org - we will be pleased to include it here. If you have information to share for other Mississippi Counties, visit the Mississippi Genealogy & History Network state website and choose the appropriate county.
Claiborne County is located along the Mississippi River south of the Big Black River. The entire region was covered in a forest of various species of pines, oaks, dogwoods, magnolias, gum, willow, cottonwood, sycamore, elm, cypress, ash, cedar, and other hardwood trees. With rich lands, an abundance of water, plenty of wild game, plentiful timber, and a pleasant climate, the area was ideal for settlement. By 1795 settlers were arriving in large numbers.
The French claimed the area from the time of La Salle's exploration of the Mississippi River until 1763. The English claimed it from 1763 till 1781 and Spain claimed it from 1781 to 1798. In 1785 Georgia claimed it as her western lands, organized the County of Bourbon and sold territory in this region. This was the time that Thomas Cumming, Nicholas Long, Thomas Glasscock, A. Gordon and others bought all of the territory which is now Claiborne County.
Prior to the coming of the European explorers and settlers, Native American tribes lived in the area. Tribes of the area included the Natchez, the Tensas, the Muskhogean, and the Choctaw. Early settlers lived in fear of Indian uprises - understandably so - the Indian's home lands were under siege.
In 1798, the United States created the Mississippi Territory. The Mississippi governor organized the Natchez District into two counties, Adams and Pickering. Pickering County included the area which later became Claiborne and Jefferson Counties. The name of Pickering County was changed to Jefferson County on 11 January 1802 and sixteen days later was split, and the northern portion became Claiborne County. Claiborne County was named after the first Republican Governor, William C.C. Claiborne.
Gibson's Landing was chosen for the county seat even though this area was largely a wild woodland. Also called Gibson's Port or Gibson's Fort, the territorial legislature officially named the county seat Port Gibson in 1803.
The county has a total area of 501 square miles, of which 486 square miles is land and 15 square miles (2.91%) is water. In 1799 there were 779 people living along the Bayou Pierre River, 158 people living near the mouth of the Big Black River, and 80 people living at Walnut Hill. In 1816, when Mississippi was still a territory, there were 295 families living in Claiborne County. The population recorded in the 1810 Federal Census was 3,102. The 2010 census recorded 9,604 residents in the county.
Neighboring counties and parishes are Warren County (north), Hinds County (northeast), Copiah County (southeast), Jefferson County (south), and Tensas Parish, Louisiana (west). Communities in the county include Port Gibson, the county seat, Alcorn (partly), Carlisle, Grand Gulf, Hermanville, Pattison, and Russum.
Claiborne County MSGHN has many records here on our website. Marriage Records, Cemetery listings, tombstone photos, and more. Look at the Claiborne County Data links for a list of available data.
Birth Records - The Mississippi Department of Health maintains records of births after November 1, 1912 on file. This was the year Mississippi began keeping official birth records. You can obtain official copies of birth certificates by mail by using this birth record application on their website. If you just have to order by internet or phone, or use a credit card, you can use VitalCheck, a third party records company recognized by the Mississippi Dept. of Health. Since there are no official birth records before November 1, 1912 for births prior to that date you will need to determine birth information from census records, bible records, baptismal records, cemetery tombstones, etc.
Death Records - The Mississippi Department of Health maintains births recorded after November 1, 1912 on file. This was the year Mississippi began keeping official death records. You can obtain official copies of death certificates by mail by using this death record application on their website. If you just have to order by internet or phone, or use a credit card, you can use VitalCheck, a third party records company recognized by the Mississippi Dept. of Health. Since there are no official death records before November 1, 1912 ...READ MORE
Claiborne County is located in the eastern portion of the Delta region of Mississippi.
Marriage information is an important part of any family genealogy. These dates may assist you in your Claiborne County, Mississippi research.
For a list of Claiborne County, Mississippi Cemeteries, tombstone photos and more.